Aubrey Wood, MTPC

Aubrey is the Head of Content at Stock Analysis. She holds a Master of Technical and Professional Communication (MTPC) degree, as well as a Bachelor of Arts in Professional Writing and Communication (PWC). Prior to Stock Analysis, she was an editorial director at Healthline Media and the Managing Editor of Authority Nutrition. Originally from the U.S., she lives in Iceland with her partner, toddler twins, Icelandic Sheepdog, and two horses. 

Edited by Aubrey

Feb 21, 2024

How to Invest in Epic Games Stock in 2024

You may know Epic Games as the studio behind Fortnite. The company also provides an end-to-end ecosystem for developers. Here's how to invest before its IPO.

Feb 15, 2024

Private Market Investing: A Complete Guide

Here is a detailed overview of what private market investing is, how it differs from public market investing, why investors choose it, and the risks involved.

Feb 13, 2024

How to Invest in ThoughtSpot Stock

ThoughtSpot provides AI-powered data analytics software. Though it's a private company, here's how you can invest before it goes public.

Feb 9, 2024

What’s the Difference Between Private and Public Equity?

Learn the differences between private and public equity investments, their past performance, the risks involved, and how to invest in each.

Feb 7, 2024

How to Invest in Flexport Stock in 2024

Flexport is a global logistics company used by more than 10,000 businesses. It's a private company, but here's how you can invest before it goes public.

Feb 5, 2024

Stock Advisor vs Alpha Picks: Which Service Is Right for You?

The Motley Fool’s Stock Advisor and Seeking Alpha’s Alpha Picks are both popular stock-picking services. Here's how to choose which one is right for you.

Feb 2, 2024

Alpha Picks Review: Is It Worth It?

Alpha Picks is Seeking Alpha's stock-picking newsletter. Here is our honest review, including its track record, how it works, and whether it's worth the money.

Feb 2, 2024

How to Invest in Rubrik Stock in 2024

Rubrik is a data security company focused on cyber resilience. Though it's still a privately held company, here's how you can invest today.

Feb 1, 2024

The 8 Best Real Estate Crowdfunding Platforms

Thanks to crowdfunding, now everyone can invest in real estate. Here are the 8 best real estate crowdfunding websites and apps.

Jan 31, 2024

What Is Private Credit? Pros, Cons, and How to Invest

Private credit is a loan to a business from a non-bank lender. Investing in private credit has historically provided high returns for investors, but there are also several drawbacks.

Jan 29, 2024

How to Invest in Klarna Stock in 2024

Klarna is a Swedish company specializing in buy now, pay later consumer loans. Though it's not yet publicly traded, here's how you can invest today.

Jan 26, 2024

How to Invest $100K to Protect and Grow Your Wealth

This guide contains everything you need to start building your own portfolio and putting $100K to work for you, safely and securely.

Jan 24, 2024

How to Invest in Anduril Stock in 2024

Anduril Industries is a defense technology company specializing autonomous vehicles and artificial intelligence. Here's how to invest before its IPO.

Jan 23, 2024

How to Withdraw Money on Robinhood

Here’s everything you need to know about Robinhood withdrawals, including step-by-step instructions, troubleshooting tips, FAQs, and more.

Jan 19, 2024

How to Invest in Plaid Stock in 2024

Plaid is a financial services company that's integral to many fintech companies' operations. Here's how you can invest in Plaid before its IPO.

Jan 16, 2024

5 Ways to Invest in Pre-IPO Stocks

Here's everything you need to know about investing in pre-IPO companies, including the 5 best ways to invest, pros and cons, and where to buy shares.

Jan 11, 2024

Top 11 Stock Portfolio Trackers in 2024

A good portfolio tracker will save you time and money. Here are the top 11, including both free and paid options.

Jan 9, 2024

11 Best Alternative Investment Platforms

Private market investments are becoming components of many modern portfolios. Here are the 11 best platforms for investing in alternative assets like art, real estate, and others.

Jan 9, 2024

Top 11 Compound Interest Investments

Compound interest adds up quickly over time. Check out our list of the top 11 compound interest investments you can make to maximize your returns.

Jan 9, 2024

The 7 Best Stock Picking Services

Not all stock picking services are created equally. Here are the 7 best stock picking services in terms of returns, consistency, and affordability.

Jan 9, 2024

How to Buy The Boring Company Stock

The Boring Company plans to solve traffic issues by digging networks of underground transportation tunnels. Here's how to invest in its stock even though it isn't yet publicly traded.

Jan 9, 2024

Alphabet's GOOG vs. GOOGL Stock: What's The Difference?

Google parent company Alphabet Inc has two types of stocks that you can buy: GOOG and GOOGL. The main difference between them has to do with voting power.

Jan 9, 2024

How to Buy Starlink Stock Before Its IPO

Starlink builds and launches satellites that deliver high-speed internet to people around the world. Here's how to invest in Starlink before its IPO.

Jan 9, 2024

How to Invest in Zipline Instant Delivery & Logistics

Zipline operates the largest drone delivery network in the world. Even though the company is not yet publicly traded, it is possible to buy Zipline stock today.

Jan 9, 2024

How to Invest in OpenAI (ChatGPT)

OpenAI is the maker of the popular AI chatbot ChatGPT. Here's how to invest in OpenAI before its IPO, while it's still a private company.

Jan 9, 2024

4 Ways to Invest in SpaceX Stock in 2024

Here are 4 ideas about how to invest in SpaceX stock despite it still being a private company in 2024.

Jan 9, 2024

The 9 Best Stock Investing Newsletters

This is a list of the 9 best stock investing newsletters, both free and paid. These newsletters can help save time and give ideas for interesting stock picks.

Jan 9, 2024

Zacks Review: Should You Pay for Premium in 2024?

In our complete review of Zacks Premium, find out what we think of the Zacks Rank system, its features, and whether it's worth the price.

Jan 9, 2024

How to Buy Turo Stock Before Its IPO

Here's how to invest in Turo stock before it launches its IPO. Turo is a fast-growing marketplace for car sharing, similar to Airbnb except for cars.

Jan 5, 2024

How Berkshire Hathaway's Class A and Class B Shares Are Different

Berkshire Hathaway has two different classes of stock. Class A shares have the ticker symbol BRK.A, but class B shares have the symbol BRK.B.

Jan 5, 2024

VOO vs VTI: Which ETF Is a Better Investment?

VOO and VTI are two popular index funds from Vanguard. This article looks at the differences between them and explores which one is better to invest in.

Jan 4, 2024

How Did Warren Buffet Make so Much Money?

Warren Buffett is the world’s most famous investor and one of the richest people alive. But how did he make so much money?

Jan 4, 2024

Stocks vs. Bonds: Differences and Similarities

Stocks and bonds are two completely different types of investments. Stocks represent ownership in a business, while bonds represent money owed to the investor.

Jan 4, 2024

Negative P/E Ratio

The price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio is a valuation metric that looks at share price relative to EPS. A negative P/E ratio means that a stock is losing money.

Jan 4, 2024

How to Invest $1 Million in 2024

$1 million can go a long way when it's invested smartly. Here’s how to invest $1 million to make your money work for you and to achieve your financial goals.

Jan 4, 2024

Top 10 Investments with 10% Returns

There are a number of investments that have the potential to generate double-digit returns. Here are the 10 best investments that can earn you 10% ROI — or more.

Jan 4, 2024

How to Invest in Discord Stock in 2024

Discord is a popular messaging and social platform. Though it's a private company, here's how you can invest in Discord stock before its IPO.

Jan 4, 2024

How to Invest in ByteDance, the Company Who Owns TikTok

ByteDance is the parent company of the social media app, TikTok. While ByteDance is still a private company, here's how you can invest before it goes public.

Jan 4, 2024

How to Buy Redwood Materials Stock

Redwood Materials is a battery recycling company focused on lithium-ion batteries and e-waste. Here's how to buy stock in Redwood before its IPO.

Jan 4, 2024

How to Invest in Neuralink Stock Before Its IPO

Neuralink is a private neurotechnology company co-founded by Elon Musk. Here's what to know about investing in Neuralink's stock in 2023.

Jan 4, 2024

How to Buy Canva Stock Before Its IPO

Canva is an online design platform that provides user-friendly design tools. Even though it's still a private company, here's how you can invest in Canva today.

Jan 4, 2024

How to Buy Tesla Stock on eToro in 4 Steps

Tesla is one of the most popular companies in the world. Here is a 4-step guide for buying Tesla stock on eToro.

Jan 4, 2024

How to Buy inDrive Stock

inDrive is a ride-hailing and delivery app that is expanding globally. The company is not yet publicly traded, but here's how you can invest in inDrive.

Jan 4, 2024

How to Buy Waymo Stock Before Its IPO

Here's how to invest in Waymo stock ahead of the company's IPO. Waymo is Google's self-driving car project and the leader in autonomous vehicle development.

Jan 4, 2024

How to Buy Ripple Stock Before Its IPO

Ripple Labs provides financial services via blockchain technology. It's a private company, but here’s how to buy Ripple stock before its IPO.

Jan 4, 2024

How to Buy Miso Robotics Stock

Miso Robotics makes foodservice robots and is poised to disrupt the fast food industry. Here's how to invest in Miso Robotics before its IPO.

Jan 4, 2024

Can You Invest in Boston Dynamics?

Boston Dynamics is at the cutting edge of robotics tech. Even though it's not publicly traded, here's how you can invest in Boston Dynamics today.

Jan 4, 2024

ETF vs. Mutual Fund: What’s the Difference Between Them?

ETFs and mutual funds are the two most popular types of investment funds. They are similar in many ways, but also have some important differences.

Jan 4, 2024

Can You Invest in YouTube Stock?

YouTube is the world’s biggest online video streaming platform with over 2 billion users. You can gain exposure to YouTube by investing in Alphabet stock.

Jan 4, 2024

Percent Review: Is Private Credit Investing Right for You?

Percent is an alternative investment platform that gives accredited investors access to private credit deals, which typically have high yields.

Jan 4, 2024

TradingView Review

TradingView is the best charting platform for traders and investors. Here's a a review of the platform and the features offered on the free and paid plans.

Jan 4, 2024

The 9 Best Stock Market Simulators to Practice Trading

A list of the 9 best stock market simulators. These are tools that allow you to practice trading with virtual money, also termed paper trading.

Jan 4, 2024

Seeking Alpha Review: Why I've Been a Subscriber for Over 5 Years

Seeking Alpha Premium is a powerful stock research platform that can help investors make better, more informed investing decisions.

Jan 4, 2024

How to Sell Private Company Stock and Employee Stock Options

It is possible to sell shares in a company even before it goes public. Here's everything you need to know about how to sell your private company stock and stock options.

Jan 4, 2024

The 7 Best Options Trading Courses

Options trading has complexities and risks. Here are the 7 best options courses to save you time, money, and frustration as you learn.

Jan 4, 2024

How to Invest in Airtable Stock

Airtable is a cloud collaboration platform used by over 400,000 businesses. While it's currently a private company, there are some ways to invest in it now.

Jan 4, 2024

Is It Really True That Almost No One Can Beat the Market?

The stock market is the market for buying and selling stocks. It consists of stock exchanges, indexes, investors, and speculators, to name a few.

Jan 4, 2024

The Best Day Trading Computer Setup

Day traders need good equipment. Here’s the hardware, software, and other tools you need to make the job faster, easier, and more profitable.

Jan 4, 2024

How to Buy Alef Aeronautics Stock

Alef Aeronautics is developing the world’s first flying car and has FAA approval to test it. Here are some ideas about how to invest in it.

Jan 3, 2024

How to Invest in Stripe Stock in 2024

Discover investment options for Stripe, on track for $1 trillion in payments this year, with insights on its growth, IPO prospects, and investor opportunities.

Jan 3, 2024

Price/Earnings to Growth Ratio

The price/earnings to growth ratio, or PEG ratio, is a useful stock valuation measure. Learn what it is and how to calculate it here.

Jan 3, 2024

The 10 Best Low-Risk Investments

Investing can be risky, but there are also many investment options that have virtually no risk. Here are the 10 best safe and low-risk investments.

Jan 3, 2024

How Often Do Stocks Pay Dividends?

Most dividend stocks pay out every three months. Learn all about dividend payments here, including how to get paid.

Jan 3, 2024

Fisher Investments Review

Fisher Investments is a financial advisor firm. Here's an honest review of their services, including how to know if they're the right choice for you.

Jan 1, 2024

11 Apps That Offer Free Stocks and Cash Bonuses in 2024

Many investment apps offer incentives for signing up to their platforms. Here are the 11 best free stock and cash incentives in 2024.

Jan 1, 2024

What Time Do Stock Markets Around the World Open and Close?

Stock market opening hours for the main stock exchanges in the US and globally. Includes a list of all scheduled US stock exchange holidays in 2024.

Dec 28, 2023

How to Invest in Databricks in 2024

Databricks is a cloud-based data analytics software company. While it's not yet publicly traded, here's how you can invest before its IPO.

Dec 27, 2023

Stock Advisor vs Rule Breakers

The Motley Fool offers two stock picking services: Stock Advisor and Rule Breakers. Here's how they compare and how to choose which is right for you.

Dec 12, 2023

How to Buy Reddit Stock Before Its IPO

Reddit is a private company that may IPO in the near future. Here are some ways to invest in Reddit stock before it goes public.

Aug 18, 2023

Top 9 Investment Platforms for Accredited Investors

If you're an accredited investor, here are the top 9 platforms to add to add diversification, lower volatility, and higher returns to your portfolio.

Jul 17, 2023

Who Determines Recessions?

A recession is a broad decline in the economy that lasts for at least a few months. An organization called the NBER determines when recessions begin and end.

Jul 14, 2023

What's The Difference Between a Recession and a Depression?

A recession is an economic decline that is a normal part of the business cycle. An economic depression is like a recession, except longer and more severe.

Jul 10, 2023

Why Stock Buybacks Are Good for Investors

Stock buybacks are a way for companies to return cash to shareholders, which is great for long-term investors for several key reasons.

Jun 30, 2023

What Do Stock Analyst Ratings Mean? Buy, Sell, Hold, and More

Stock analysts often use confusing terms to describe their buy, sell, and hold ratings. Here are some quick explanations of what the ratings mean.

Jun 30, 2023

What's the Difference Between Revenue and Income?

Revenue is the total amount of money received from sales, while income is what's left after paying all expenses. Learn more here.

Jun 28, 2023

What Happens to Your Stock When a Company Goes Bankrupt?

The stocks of companies that file for bankruptcy decline to zero or several pennies per share. Shareholders usually lose 100% of their investment.

Apr 21, 2023

Return on Equity (ROE)

Return on equity (ROE) is a financial ratio that is calculated by dividing net income by shareholders' equity. It is a commonly used measure of profitability.

Apr 20, 2023

Diluted Shares

Diluted shares occur when a company issues additional shares of stock, resulting in the current shares now representing a lower percentage of ownership.

Apr 4, 2023

Accounts Payable (AP)

Accounts payable are the short-term debts owed by a company to its creditors and suppliers for goods or services that have been received but not yet been paid for.

Mar 24, 2023

Industries and Sectors

Sectors and industries are used to sort and group segments of an economy. One is broader than the other, but the terms used depend on the classification system.

Mar 17, 2023

Preferred Stock

Preferred stock is a category of stock that comes with certain rights, which differ from those that accompany common stock. Here's how they compare.

Mar 10, 2023

Accounts Receivable (AR)

Accounts receivable, or AR, represent money owed to a company for goods and services it has provided to customers but has not yet received payment for.

Feb 27, 2023

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents (CCE) are assets that are immediately available as cash, meaning they can be converted into cash within fewer than 90 days.

Feb 17, 2023

Convertible Securities

Convertible securities are financial instruments that can be exchanged for other types of tradable assets from the same issuer, typically shares of common stock.

Feb 8, 2023

Fiscal Year

A fiscal year is a 12-month period of financial reporting. Companies generally choose to use a fiscal year or calendar year based on the nature of the business.

Jan 30, 2023

Property, Plant, and Equipment (PP&E)

Property, plant, and equipment (PP&E) are a company’s physical assets that have a lifespan longer than one year and are not easily converted into cash.

Jan 27, 2023

Forward P/E Ratio

The forward price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio is a valuation metric that compares a stock’s share price to its forecasted earnings per share. Here is a complete guide.

Jan 17, 2023

Market-to-Book Ratio

The market-to-book ratio is a metric that compares the price of a stock to its book value. It tells you the price the market is putting on the company's assets.

Jan 13, 2023

Marketable Securities

Marketable securities are short-term assets that can be sold quickly and converted into cash. Here is an overview including examples and how they're used in formulas.

Jan 6, 2023

Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are the non-physical resources that a company owns. Here is an overview, examples, and information on how to value intangibles.

Jan 3, 2023

Effective Tax Rate

The effective tax rate is the percentage of income a company or individual pays in taxes. Here's how it compares to the corporate income and marginal tax rates.

Dec 30, 2022

Gross Margin

Gross margin measures the percentage of revenue a company retains after deducting the costs of producing the goods or services it sells. Here's how to calculate it.

Dec 27, 2022

Working Capital

Working capital is a measure of a company’s liquidity, specifically its short-term financial health and whether it has the cash on hand for normal business operations.

Dec 22, 2022

Net Profit Margin

Net profit margin is a profitability metric that shows net income as a percent of revenue. Here's a complete guide, including how it compares to gross profit margin.

Dec 20, 2022

Types of Costs in Accounting

In accounting, costs are categorized to help analyze how well a business is generating profits from revenue. Here are the different types and how they're used.

Dec 14, 2022

Shares Outstanding

Shares outstanding is a financial number that represents all the shares of a company’s stock that shareholders currently own. Here's how to find and use it.

Dec 12, 2022

Debt-to-Equity (D/E) Ratio

The debt-to-equity (D/E) ratio shows how much debt, relative to equity, a company is using to finance its operations. This guide includes the formula and examples.

Dec 9, 2022

Free Cash Flow per Share

Free cash flow shows how much cash a company has left after paying to run its core business and maintain its capital assets. FCF per share is this amount, per share.

Dec 7, 2022

Dividend Payout Ratio

The dividend payout ratio shows how much of a company’s net income goes to paying dividends. Here is a complete overview including how to calculate and use it.

Dec 5, 2022

Corporate Income Tax

Here is a comprehensive overview of U.S. corporate income tax, including federal and state rates, how it works, how to calculate it, and historical trends.

Dec 2, 2022

Operating Expenditure (OpEx)

Operating expenditure (OpEx) accounts for the day-to-day expenses of a business. Here's a complete guide, including the formula and how it compares to CapEx.

Nov 30, 2022

Cost of Revenue

Cost of revenue represents the total cost of making and delivering a service or product. It’s normally used for service companies in place of the cost of goods sold (COGS).

Nov 28, 2022

Pretax Income

Pretax income refers to total income before taxes are deducted. It's commonly known as income before taxes, pretax profit, or earnings before taxes.

Nov 23, 2022

Revenue Growth

Revenue growth is a term used to describe a company’s increase in revenue over a period of time, usually quarter-over-quarter or year-over-year.

Nov 21, 2022

Selling, General, and Administrative (SG&A) Expenses

Selling, general, and administrative (SG&A) expenses are a company’s overhead costs for its day-to-day operations. Here is the definition, formula, and examples.

Nov 16, 2022

Depreciation and Amortization

Depreciation and amortization are two methods for expensing the cost of an asset over time. Here are detailed overviews of both, including their differences and formulas.

Nov 16, 2022

Operating Income

Operating income is the profit left after paying for all expenses related to a company's core operations. It is a commonly used measure of profitability.

Nov 11, 2022

Research and Development (R&D)

Research and development (R&D) represents a company’s efforts to develop new products or improve existing offerings. Here's why it matters and how the R&D tax credit works.

Nov 9, 2022

Trailing Twelve Months (TTM)

TTM is a financial term that stands for trailing twelve months. It represents a company's financial numbers over the past four quarters.

Nov 7, 2022

Cost of Goods Sold (COGS)

The Cost of Goods Sold (COGS) is the cost required to produce the goods a company sells. Here is a detailed definition, formula, uses, and downsides.

Nov 4, 2022

Earnings Per Share (EPS)

Earnings per share (EPS) is a commonly used number to describe a company's profitability. It represents the portion of earnings allocated to each share.

Nov 4, 2022

Earnings Before Interest and Taxes (EBIT)

Earnings Before Interest and Taxes (EBIT) is a measure of a company’s earnings. Here are the uses and limitations of EBIT, as well as how to calculate it.

Oct 31, 2022

Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization (EBITDA)

Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization (EBITDA) is a measure of a company’s earnings. Here's how to calculate and use EBITDA.

Mar 30, 2020

How to Short Stocks: A Beginner's Guide to Short Selling

Shorting is a way to bet against a stock and make a profit when the price goes down. Here's a simple beginner's guide to short selling.

Feb 17, 2020

How Does Facebook Really Make Money? 7 Main Ways

Facebook is free for users, but instead makes a lot of money from online advertising. Here are the 7 main ways that Facebook makes money.

Oct 27, 2019

What Are the Average Stock Market Returns by Month?

Some months have better average stock market returns than others. The stretch from November to May tends to be positive, while June to September is often flat.

Mar 7, 2019

How to Buy Stocks Online: 3 Simple Steps

It is incredibly easy to buy stocks on the internet these days. No matter which country you live in, you can easily buy stocks from all over the world.

Feb 27, 2019

What's The Best S&P500 ETF? SPY vs VOO vs IVV

According to the latest stats, 92% of professional fund managers are unable to beat the market. In this case, "the market" refers to the S&P500 index.

Feb 8, 2019

Where to Park Cash to Maximize Interest in Your Brokerage Account

Most brokerages pay little to no interest on the idle cash in your account. Here are several simple ways to put that money to work.

Balance Sheet

A balance sheet is a financial statement that shows what a company owns (assets), what it owes (liabilities) and the difference between the two (equity).

Cash Flow Statement

The cash flow statement is a financial statement that shows how cash flows in and out of a company through operating, investing, and financing activities.


A dividend is a cash payment that a company sends to investors who own its stock. Dividends are usually paid each quarter and deposited into brokerage accounts.

Enterprise Value

Enterprise value (EV) is the total value of a publicly-traded company, adjusted by the net cash or net debt position.

Free Cash Flow (FCF)

Free cash flow (FCF) is a measure of profitability that tells you how much cash a company has left after spending on maintaining and growing the business.

Gross Profit

Gross profit, also called gross income, is a company's profit after the cost of goods sold has been subtracted from the revenue.

Income Statement

The income statement shows how a company's revenue and expenses turn into profits or losses. Publicly traded companies release income statements every quarter.

Market Capitalization (Market Cap): Definition and Formula

Market capitalization is the total value of all of a company’s outstanding stock. It is calculated by multiplying the number of shares by the stock price.

Net Income

Net income is the amount of money left as profits after subtracting all expenses from the total revenue or gross income. It is also called earnings or profits.

Price-to-Earnings Ratio (PE Ratio)

The PE Ratio (Price-to-Earnings) is a commonly used valuation metric for stocks. It is calculated by dividing the stock price with the earnings per share.


Revenue is the money that a company gets from its business activities. Unlike profits, revenue does not take any expenses into account.

YoY (Year-Over-Year)

YoY stands for year-over-year, which is a way of measuring how a number has changed compared to the same period a year earlier.